Light-leaved plants in garden compositions
The most cheerful plants in any ensemble are always not the brightest flowering stars, but cultures with bright leaves that have the effect of internal radiance. They literally replace the sun and create a feeling of additional illumination of the composition, set off other cultures, give the ensembles multidimensionality and depth. Such plants allow the garden to remain attractive in any weather and are the main tool for playing with optical illusions.
Secrets of the charm of deciduous plants
Plants with light leaves or light patterns on the leaves instantly change the atmosphere of any composition. Their influence on garden ensembles is similar to the same effect that cultures with snow-white inflorescences and flowers have: any bright “details” are perceived against the background of ordinary greenery and other colors shining from the inside. But decorative foliage cultures that can create optical illusions have their undeniable advantages over white-flowered ones: they adorn the garden throughout the active season, and some plants do all year, while even the most persistent flowers will not last longer than several months.
By setting cheerful accents and creating a special bright atmosphere, they compensate for any weather quirks and make each composition attractive even when the sun is hidden behind the clouds. Conventionally, such crops can be called "stabilizers" of the appearance of the garden: they allow in all circumstances to maintain the very attractiveness and radiance of succulent greens and lush flowering, which everyone aspires to. If you use plants with "backlighting" in the design of the flower beds, flower beds and other compositions, you can not be afraid that some corner of the garden will look too gloomy.
Light-leaved garden plants are one of the most affordable tools for creating optical illusions. Thanks to the competent use of plants with internal glow, you can push the boundaries of the zone, emphasize the foreground, “highlight” the dark areas of the garden, compensate for shading, create eye-catching points that emphasize the most favorable angles, etc. Light spots seem more “close”, they favorably shade bright colors and dark greens, allow you to bring harmony and cheerfulness to any ensemble, it is advantageous to use small areas and emphasize lush, voluminous compositions. When placed in the background, they visually increase the area of the entire garden.
Assortment of deciduous plants
A variety of light-leaf crops will allow you to find a suitable plant for any decorative task. After all, light leaves, various patterns and the glow effect are inherent not only to classical herbaceous perennials from among decorative and deciduous cultures, but also to numerous trees and shrubs. New variegated varieties that can illuminate ensembles appear almost every day and are present in almost any kind of garden plants from periwinkles to ivies and maples. Edgings, stripes and spots arising from the lack of chlorophyll, such plants are mainly acquired due to the efforts of breeders. Variegated or light leaves are easy to recognize: in the name of the variety they are usually denoted by the terms ‘alba’, ‘variegatum’ and ‘variegata’.
The most spectacular and catchy light colors are characteristic of plants such as:
- shade-hardy, durable and spectacular hosts and their various light-leaf varieties differing in size, width of edging and stripes and spots on the leaves (for example, the host is wavy variety “Univittata” or the distinguished cultivar of the hybrid ‘Albomarginata’ host);
- hardy perennial medunica with light leaves (the variety ‘Majeste’ decorated with white spots is especially spectacular);
- inimitable brunners with dark veins and a silvery surface (крас Jack Frost ’and‘ Looking Glass ’);
- bright-leaved varieties of heichera with silver colors;
- variegated ivy varieties;
- variegated varieties of derain characterized by a light edging on the leaves - varieties ‘Spaethii’ and ‘Argenteomarginata’, as well as varieties of disputed varieties ‘Variegata’ with unusual almost horizontally open shoots;
- the ideal partner of rhododendrons not exceeding a height of 1 meter pieris Japanese varieties "Variegata";
- light varieties of ash maple (for example, "Flamingo");
- variegated forms of Fortune euonymus;
- ornamental cereals - conic sedge with silver overflows of medium-sized and quickly filling soddy turf (Snowline variety), slowly growing tall falaris (Mervin Fizi and Picta cultivars), gigantic miscanthus (striped varieties Zebrinus, Variegatus ”And“ Strictus ”);
- a lover of wetlands near water bodies, the iris is smooth, which needs flooding to a depth of 10 cm, etc.
How to correctly introduce cultures with "backlighting" in garden ensembles
In order for the plants to fully reveal all their beauty and to truly appear to be a source of inner glow, a small “replacement of the sun” in any, even the most modest ensemble, they must be correctly presented. Light-leaf cultures will create optical illusions only if you place them so that they do not get lost on the general background and do not merge with it.
First of all, make sure that partners for bright-leaf crops are contrasted with respect to them in color, shape and size of the leaves. Flowering or growth characteristics of the plants themselves are not so important, but the contrast of greenery is of key importance. Even in hedges, deciduous shrubs need to be introduced so that neighboring crops emphasize their beauty.
In order for the deciduous plant to play its role as a "highlight", it must be clearly visible. Place such crops in the “darkest” spots of the flower bed or flower bed, where the eyes do not have enough bright spots and colors and so that the plant is "caught" the first time. The more vividly you reveal the silhouette and beauty of the greenery of such plants, the more vivid will be their role in the composition.
Best of all, leaves with “backlighting” look in the foreground or at least in the middle plan, they should be placed as close to the viewpoints or paths as possible, where the patterns will be clearly visible. If you want to visually increase the size of the garden or a specific object, deciduous plants need to be placed around the perimeter. Such cultures are more beautiful, the more asymmetry and unexpected contrasts in the ensembles, the more expressive the relief and structure of the composition.