The best shrub roses. "Heritage" - a fragrant Englishwoman
Despite the tendency to quickly drop the petals and cover the ground with a luxurious bedspread, the Heritage bush rose is considered one of the best English beauties. Charming and plentifully colored, she earned her status as one of the best varieties for exploring roses, and often the Heritage rose is the first to settle in the gardens.
The unusual spherical shape of the flowers and delicate watercolor color seem to transfer to another time, embody the luxury of romantic antiquity. But Heritage only pretends to be an “old woman”: it is a hardy and multi-talented modern hybrid from among the elite.
Decorative virtues of the long-flowered queen of romance
The nostalgic charm of the Heritage rose leaves no one indifferent. Special, dense flowers, not similar to any other variety, and delicate transitions of pastel pink color, different on almost every flower, glorified this rose as a unique cut and bush variety that can become an ornament of every garden.
The name of the rose - “Heritage” - perfectly conveys its features. This rose combines all the best qualities of Austin selection varieties - endurance, aromatic and abundant flowering. In size, this rose belongs to medium and strong varieties with an average height of about 1.5 m or slightly less. Heritage is a hybrid of floribunda and tea roses with old varieties of authorship by David Austin, which appeared in 1984. Belongs to fragrant, cut, re-blooming nostalgic English roses imitating ancient.
Silhouette and foliage
The English rose “Heritage” is characterized by a compact, dense bush typical of the whole group, but thanks to the elongated lines of powerful shoots, it seems more elegant and forms beautiful lines. At Heritage, with proper care, the bushes almost do not expose from below, expand upward and are rather spreading. These are erect bush-creating roses with an elegant silhouette that attracts attention even without flowers.
True, dense crown and lush foliage, as well as elongated arches of shoots of "Heritage" form only at a considerable age, and in the first 3-5 years of cultivation it seems like a completely different plant with a loose, modest silhouette. The foliage is dark green, large enough, but does not form a very lush crown, but only emphasizes the graceful lines of the branches. The shoots are practically devoid of thorns, they acquire their specific arcuate bend under the weight of not large, but heavy flowers. The shape of the bush seems constant due to the ability to tirelessly release new shoots from the base, which constantly make up for the bare bottom of the crown. Flowers bloom even at the bottom of the bush.
"Heritage" blooms almost tirelessly and amazingly long. Rose, one after another, produces dozens of luxurious flowers for almost four months, from June to October. It is completely resistant to precipitation, is not afraid of any weather vagaries, and even prolonged rains do not affect the beauty of the flowers, but the petals quickly fall off in any weather, hiding the surrounding space with a luxurious bedspread. They bloom before the first autumn frosts.
This variety attracts attention already at the bud stage. At Heritage they are large, massive, very elegant, fully reveal all the features of pastel colors. At Heritage, the flowers are very dense, densely double, but thanks to a cup-shaped, almost spherical shape until they are fully opened, they give the impression of a strikingly dense arrangement of petals. Such an illusion disappears after the luxurious flowers are fully opened and a drawing of the flower itself, similar to camellia or luxurious ruffles, appears.
Despite the modest size - only up to 8 cm in diameter - the flowers at Heritage look impressive, because they are collected in fairly massive brushes of inflorescences, repeatedly enhancing the beauty of each individual flower. Unfortunately, Heritage is not the most persistent rose, in which the petals quickly crumble, but since up to 7 flowers are constantly blossomed on the bush, this flaw is invisible.
"Heritage" is rightfully included in the list of the most delicate fragrant roses. Its aroma cannot compete in strength with the most saturated smells of competitors. But thanks to subtle overtones with lemon and intense honey tones, it always makes its way. The main feature of the Heritage fragrance is the ability to persist even after the flowers have dried. Fragrant flowers in dry bouquets, even after many months, retain subtle notes characteristic of this rose.
The “heritage” has a very delicate, pastel pink color of warm tones with peach and salmon, turning into fawn shades. The delicate and pure color seems even more touching due to the almost white color of the outer petals with the effect of shining mother of pearl and the uneven color inside the calyx, more peach in the center and fawn - closer to the outer circle. Delicate, delicate washings only emphasize the touch of flowering. The flowers gradually fade and glow more and more from the inside.
What to look for when buying
Heritage seedlings can be bought only with an open root system, because when buying you need to evaluate not only the state of the roots, but also their shape. At least 3 strong shoots must develop on plants, all of which must be skeletal (grow from the point of budding). The roots of the plant, unlike many other bush roses, should be straightened, elongated, not tangled. Pay attention to their thickness: they must be strong, settle down and develop evenly, and the rhizome itself must be compact and elongated.
Conditions Comfortable for Heritage
Like the vast majority of shrub roses, Heritage blooms profusely only in sunny areas. For this beauty, it is necessary to provide the most intense lighting, to avoid even uneven light partial shade. For Heritage, one more important factor will have to be ensured - active air circulation.
She shows all her endurance only when air does not stagnate around the bush, even for a short time. That is why for Heritage, ventilated, open areas are chosen and even the use of medium-sized herbaceous perennials in the immediate vicinity of the plant is limited.
Heritage can only be grown on quality and nutritious soil. Water permeability, loose structure, high organic content and quality preparation before planting are its important characteristics.
Preliminary preparation of the landing site comes down to digging. To increase soil nutrition in advance, at least 1 month before planting in the soil, organic and mineral fertilizers must be repaired. The soil removed from the planting pits is additionally mixed with a handful of fertilizers and a portion of compost. The plants themselves must be put in water a day before planting to saturate the roots with moisture. In roses, shoots are shortened to 15 cm and all damaged roots are cut to healthy tissues. Rhizome is treated with clay chatters.
In order for Heritage to become the star of the collection, the bushes need to be given freedom. Since the rose is developing quite intensively not only in height, but also in the horizontal plane, the distance during planting should be large. The optimal distance to neighboring plants is from 1.5 to 2 m.
The landing itself is carried out according to the standard scheme. Heritage is planted in planting pits with a side of about 50 cm. The roses are set so that the grafting point is 5 cm below the soil level. After planting, the plant is watered, the soil is added and a roller is created around the perimeter of the planting pit. Immediately after planting, the plant must be hilled, covering the cut shoots to about half. As soon as the first leaves appear, the earthenware is removed, and the soil is mulched with any available material.
"Heritage" is a rather drought-resistant rose that is not afraid of short-term complete drying of the soil. But after the start of a magnificent wave of flowering, it is better not to be lazy and spend several maintenance irrigation. Irrigation is mandatory with deep soil soaking with water for long droughts.
This variety of spray roses is extremely demanding on soil nutrition. Replenish the loss of nutrients begin as early as the next year after planting. Immediately after removing the shelter and spouts for Heritage, the first top dressing is introduced. The second time fertilizers are applied just before the beginning of flowering. In both cases, you can use special fertilizers for roses or full mineral mixtures, or you can use complex fertilizers for the first dressing, and potash-phosphorus for the second. After the second half of July, dressing for this rose cannot be carried out.
Pruning "Heritage" is carried out immediately after removing the shelter in the early spring, before spilling the kidneys. Old, directed into the bush and damaged shoots are cut out under the stump, frozen - to healthy tissues. In order for Heritage to really bloom from June to October, one must not forget to constantly remove fading flowers. They are "removed" along with the pedicel, cutting off the shoot just above the first high-quality leaf under the flower.
Preparing for the winter
A feature of Austin's Heritage is its love of the cold climate. This rose blooms more beautifully than in more severe conditions. “Heritage” blooms before the first frost, and at the same time manages to prepare for the wintering completely and the coldest time of the year as if it does not notice. This is one of the most reliable and proven varieties, requiring minimal preparation.
“Heritage” with the end of flowering, clean: remove from the bush all the leaves, if they have not fallen themselves and be sure to remove the remains of inflorescences. Since flowers on a rose often pick up frost, they may not fall on their own. Carefully select all plant debris and leftover leaves and from under bushes. After cleaning, remove a few upper centimeters of soil: this is an important step in the prevention of diseases and pests. For an adult “Heritage”, simply mulch the soil with high-quality soil or compost, and cover the young bushes for the winter, or better, cover them with spruce branches. That’s all the protection that this steady rose needs. Remove the earthenware from the bushes only when the first leaves appear on the roses.
Pests and diseases
Despite the status of a persistent variety, Heritage is prone to quickly pick up pests and diseases from neighboring roses. Therefore, this variety needs to be constantly monitored to quickly identify the first signs of damage. If problems arise on other roses, it is better to carry out preventive spraying. The most dangerous for Heritage is black spotting, which quickly spreads in conditions of high humidity and in dense soil.
The most winning parties in garden ensembles:
- on the lawn or clearings of groundcover in an amount of not less than 3 bushes;
- in the role of a soloist in low discounts;
- in rose gardens and flower beds as an accent or in the company of other roses;
- in the company of other varieties in hedges.
Best partners for Heritage
As a companion for "Heritage" you need to choose not too tall plants from the group of texture perennials and annuals. The best partners for this Englishwoman will be decorative and deciduous plants with silver or blue foliage and flowering crops with white, blue, violet or purple. Evergreen shrubs and trees, in particular junipers, perfectly emphasize the beauty of the Heritage roses. Hosts also combine well with it, all ornamental cereals growing on clematis obelisks, oak sage, bluebells, gypsophila, catnip and lavender, asters, delphiniums, white varieties of panicled phlox and lilies.