Efficient and environmentally friendly - microbiological fertilizers
How to get a wonderful crop without changing the soil? Is it environmentally friendly to get rid of diseases, pests, unpleasant odors on the site? These and similar issues with the onset of heat every season become relevant for beginning summer residents. And experienced gardeners and gardeners have long appreciated the preparations “Baikal EM-1” and “Tamir”. In this article, we will talk about the features and advantages of using these microbiological fertilizers.
Why use Tamir and Baikal EM-1?
Microbiological preparation Tamir eliminates unpleasant odors in country toilets, cesspools, and also allows you to quickly make compost. In the spring, it is enough to pour one bottle of Tamir into the contents of the country toilet - the absence of unpleasant smell and invasion of flies is guaranteed!
To combat diseases and pests, use ready-made microbiological preparations:
- "Tamir biosecurity" - prevention and protection against diseases;
- "Tamir bio-barrier" - Prevention and protection against pests.
Recommendations for use are indicated on the packaging.
Concerning "Baikal EM-1", then it has a wide range of applications. Its advantages include the fact that it allows you to grow the same culture without damage to one place for several seasons in a row, and even without changing the soil. This issue is especially relevant for greenhouses.
In addition, the drug provides an increased content of vitamins, carotene, starch, protein in the fruits. It increases the yield by 2-5 times, and in flower crops - the number of peduncles, their size and brightness, the duration of flowering. Reduces the nitrate content in fruits by 4–5 times, neutralizes salts of heavy metals to a condition safe for humans.
Experienced gardeners say that for 3 years of use you will get healthy restored soil, the humus-containing layer during this time increases by 2-3 times. Root formation, germination, flowering and fruiting are accelerated - and this is the yield 10–15 days earlier;
How to use Baikal EM-1?
Soaking seeds, growing healthy, strong seedlings
Application effect: crop growth up to 60%, when processing potato tubers - up to 35% yield increase.
Soaking seeds in EM-solution: 5 drops of the drug per 200 ml of water for 1-2 hours before sowing.
Soak tubers of potatoes, bulbs and rhizomes of flowers and plants in an EM solution in a ratio of 1: 1000 - 1 tbsp. drug per 10 liters of water for 10-15 minutes on the day of planting. Consumption: per 10 kg of planting stock - 1 l of EM-solution. You can spray planting material with a more concentrated EM solution (1: 500), spreading it in a layer of 1-2 pieces (consumption of EM solution is 150 ml per 10 kg of planting material; dry the treated material slightly and plant it on the day of treatment).
Important! Pickled seeds are not suitable for processing with EM-solution!
Watering seedlings and young shoots
Watering or spraying with an EM solution of 1: 1000 (1 tbsp. L. Of the drug in a bucket of water) - 2 weeks after germination 1 time per week. Consumption: 0.5-1 liter per m².
It allows you to bring the balance of microorganisms that died in the winter to the required rate much earlier and accelerates the germination of weeds.
After warming the soil to +10 ° C 1–2 weeks before sowing, water the beds with 1: 100 EM solution (100 ml of the drug per 10 liters of water). Consumption: 2-3 l / m². After 10-12 days, cut the overgrown weeds with a plane cutter and water the soil abundantly with 1: 100 EM solution. Then you can plant seeds or seedlings in the soil.
Processing of trees, bushes and berry bushes
Pre-planting soaking of cuttings and seedlings is carried out in an EM solution of 1: 2000 (5 ml of an EM preparation per bucket of water), 1-2 hours, this contributes to faster rooting, better survival of planting material (up to 97–99%) and the development of a more powerful root system.
Spraying after flowering should be carried out with an EM solution of 1: 1000 - the berry plants will give more young shoots and will be more resistant to disease.
Watering and spraying all plants in summer
In open ground, spray the plants in the morning or evening with an EM solution of 1: 1000, 3-5 times a month. It is better to spray flowers weekly.
The consumption for spraying vegetables, flowers, lawns - 2-3 l / m², potatoes - 4 l / m² (spray the potatoes 3 times per season: in the phase of seedlings, budding and after flowering).
In closed ground, treatment of plants with an EM preparation 1: 1000 should be done once every 2-3 weeks. It is important not to overmoisten the soil over 70%, and the air - over 90%.
Watering with an EM solution of 1: 1000 should be carried out 1-2 times a week:
- vegetables and repairing varieties of berry berries - from the calculation: 2-3 l / m² (to extend fruiting and protect against early frosts);
- trees, shrubs and berry bushes - until mid-August (to avoid repeated flowering).
Effect: for different crops, a yield increase of 50-150%. Berries ripen at the same time - large and sweet. Cucumbers are tied in leaf axils of 3-5 pcs., And the number of fruits on tomatoes can be increased from 30 to 300 pieces, and tomatoes give 100% fruit set. The yield of cucumbers in closed ground is increased by 30–40%, and the yield of tomatoes is much higher.
Presowing treatment of potato tubers, and then 3-time spraying of plants during the growing season increases the yield of potatoes in the presence of sufficient moisture up to 2 times!
Autumn tillage is much more effective than spring tillage. It allows effective microorganisms to work at depth for 2 months, before freezing the soil, engaged in the restoration of humus, loosening the soil, the accumulation of nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus and trace elements, improving the soil.
To do this, water the beds abundantly with EM-solution 1: 100, repeat several times.
It is carried out to clean the site of weeds 2 weeks before regular frosts. Pour the earth with EM-solution 1: 100–1: 250, based on: 0.5–1 L per m²; cover with a film. Weeds quickly start to grow, get frozen and, not having time to get inseminated, die. This is a very effective event!
Before laying the grown crop, be sure to treat the vegetable store with an 1: 100 EM solution (10 ml of an EM preparation per 1 liter of water), after a few days the mold on the walls and ceiling will disappear.
Where to get?
Find out where to buy our products in retail stores in your city, you can:
- on the contact page on our website.
- by writing to us by e-mail - [email protected];
Follow our news in the company’s blog on Botanichka.ru, on our website and in social networks:
- on Instagram;
- in Vkontakte.