Ashen, or Burning Bush
One of the interesting features of ash-tree is that the plant releases a large amount of essential oils, and this is most pronounced during the ripening of seeds. At this time, in calm, sunny weather, evaporating oils (volatile) of ash can flare up from a spark or a lit match - a fleeting flame will arise. The plant itself will not suffer. That is why the ash tree has the popular name "burning bush". In the conditions of our relatively cool and humid climate, such a phenomenon can be observed extremely rarely.
Fraxinella (Dictamnus) Is a small genus from the Rutov family (Rulaceae) includes several apparently similar species distributed from the Mediterranean to the Far East.
The Latin name of the ash tree - Dictamnus comes from the words ‘dicte’ - one of the mountains of Crete and ‘lhamnos’ - a bush. Russian folk names - wild anise, volcano, ash-tree, bodan, ash-tree, incense. A typical type of ash-tree - White Ash (Dictamnus albus) - is better known by the popular name the burning bush.
The danger of ash-tree to humans
In sunny weather, ash should not be touched due to the risk of photodermatitis.
Especially dangerous are the flowers and boxes with seeds of the burning bush. At the moment of touching, the person does not feel anything (this is the main catch), but then, after about 12 hours, the skin at the place of touch blushes, becomes covered with blisters and a burn forms. After some time, the blisters burst. Bubbles and blisters are replaced by ulcers, the temperature may increase, which is accompanied by weakness.
Photodermatitis (phototoxic, or photocontact dermatitis) occurs when an allergen or irritant is activated by exposure to sunlight.
The burns will heal over time, but will not disappear without a trace, there will remain unaesthetic scars and scars, dark spots that will last for about a year. Skin damage on a large surface is life threatening. Recall that all this happens in sunny weather, on a cloudy day, ash is safe.
Flames on Ash, or the Burning Dome. Video. © Muggsy
Description of Ash
The indelible dome is a herbaceous perennial with a powerful branched woody root. An adult plant reaches 60-80 cm, sometimes up to 1 m in height with a bush diameter of up to 1 m. The stems are strong, erect, densely pubescent, sticky to the touch, branched in the upper part. Leaves are pinnate, similar to ash leaves. The ash-tree flowers are numerous, large, slightly irregular in shape with loose petals, in a racemose loose inflorescence 30-40 cm long. Ash-tree is pollinated by bees, an excellent honey plant.
The ash tree blooms in late June - early July for about a month. During this summer period, among other flowering plants, ash can be considered one of the most beautiful perennials.
For all its beauty, the burning bush has a sharp unpleasant smell of some medicine or orange peel.
The roots and leaves of ash contain alkaloids: skimmyanin, diktamnin, trigonellin. In the aerial part of the plant contains: choline, saponins, essential oil. The composition of the essential oil includes anethole and methylchavicol.
Growing the Burning Canopy
The indelible bush is a very unpretentious and winter-hardy plant that grows well in the sun and in the shade, on fertile non-acidic soils. Ash tree is very decorative, it forms a slender bush with many spectacular inflorescences and looks great in the garden.
Most often, species from the Caucasus and Crimea are grown in culture: yasens Caucasian (Dictamnus caucasicus) and holobolbikovy (Dictamnus gymnostylis) Less common in culture is a Western European species dittany (Dictamnus albus).
As a rule, in an indefinable dome, the flowers are pink with purple veins. However, all species may have forms with white flowers.
In nature, ash trees most often grow in light forests, on the edges, among shrubs or on stony and grassy slopes. Plants are very stable in culture, feel good both in full sun and partial shade, better in dry places and any cultivated soils.
In one place, an indestructible dome can live a very long time. Young bushes are transplanted without problems in early spring or autumn. Adults should not be touched in autumn. If ash-tree needs to be propagated, it is better to root small delenki in a greenhouse. In the summer, transplantation and division lead to the death of the plant.
An ash tree can give self-seeding. Seeds ripen in early August, but they need to be sown before winter or winter under snow. From seeds the plant blooms no earlier than after 3 years.
The use of the burning bush in traditional medicine
In folk medicine, the juice of the herb ash was used to remove warts; decoction of the root - with diarrhea, as an anthelmintic and anti-febrile remedy, with epilepsy, malaria, jaundice, angiocholitis; externally - with scabies, hives, baldness; infusion of seeds - as a cosmetic product.
The upper parts of the shoots of plants grown in the garden are dried in bunches in the shade. The roots are dug up, like almost all roots and rhizomes, either in early spring or late autumn. Before drying in the shade, thick roots must be split.
note: Ash-tree is poorly studied as a medicinal plant and is practically not used by scientific medicine!
Side effects of the burning bush are unknown, but they cannot be ruled out. Before use, consult your doctor.